国 际 竹 藤 组 织

国 际 竹 藤 组 织

乌干达印象(十五)

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乌干达印象(十五)

非洲低地竹(也叫高原青皮竹)在经过了一段时间处理、调直、弯曲、组装、结构等组合后,竹子的艺术形象已经初具规模的展现我们的视线中,工地上的乌干达工人从没有见过竹子房子到会用竹子建造房子,这是离不开我们手把手的培训和教育,他们从中也了解了竹子是有广泛用途的主要材料。

Lowland bamboo (also called plateau green skin bamboo) has been processed and straightened and bent and assembled and structured for a period of time. The artistic image of bamboo has begun to take shape in our sight. The Ugandans on our construction site never see  build house with bamboo. They Can build a house with bamboo, This is inseparable from our hands on training and education. They also knows that bamboo is the main material with an wide range of uses.

工人们在专心致志的工作
The workers are working attentively

工人们在专心致志的工作
The workers are working attentively

我们在建造(培训)中也出现有很多这样那样的问题,比如:竹子的调直和圆弧弯曲是一门是耐心的技术活,开始他们在竹子加热中不是瘪掉和开裂,就是烤的黑乎乎的成碳了。在竹子的组装中包括哪个部位需要螺栓紧固,竹子之间如何连接、重叠等都是他们必须学习的内容,在短短的几个月时间内他们也确实学到了很多的操作技术。

We also have many problems in construction (training). For example, straightening and bending of bamboo is a kind of patient technical work. At first, they either collapsed and cracked when the bamboo was heated or it was blackened and has become carbon In the assembly of bamboo, which parts need to be bolted, how to connect and overlap between bamboos are all they must learn. In a short period of time, they have indeed learned a lot of operation techniques.

挂线锤检查垂直度
The hanging hammer to check verticality

竖立的竹结构框架
Erected completed bamboo structure frame

在建造的酒店客房竹结构房子地面水平高于场地,需要很多泥土来填埋,泥土的来源也成了个难题。开始时候泥土就从黑人手里买来的,但是他们的价格也不菲,而且还是中交公司修路废弃的泥土。在一次,我们从坎帕拉来默奇森的路上,碰到了中交公司在修公路,大家一看都是中国人很客气的交换了微信和电话,认识了何总之后,我们所需的填埋土一直是他们提供的,在这里我们由衷的感谢何总他们的大力支持。

The bamboo structure of this hotel guest room has a higher ground level than the site and requires a lot of soil to fill it up. The source of the soil has also become a problem. In the beginning, the soil was bought from the blacks, but they were expensive and it was the soil that was discarded by the China Communications Company for road construction. On the way we came to Murchison from Kampala, we saw Mr. He, who was working at the China Communications Company, who was building a road. See we is Chinese and exchanged WeChat and phone calls very politely. They provided it and here we sincerely thank Mr. He for their support.

用自己制作的夯土工具在夯土
Rammed earth tools made by we myself

工人用夯土工具在夯土
Worker ramming earth with tools

实心竹生长在乌干达北部,它的直径大约35-40毫米,长度在4米左右,外表看上去有点像白藤,截断后又像甘蔗,是一种制作现代家具的好材料(比如竹子自行车)。我们屋架檩条缺少35-40直径的竹子,乌干达有很少也这样尺寸的竹子(空心竹),所以我们只能用实心竹来替代。

Solid bamboo grows in northern Uganda. It has a diameter of about 35-40 mm and a length of about 4 meters. It looks a bit like white rattan on the outside and resembles sugar cane when cut off. It is a good material for making modern furniture (such as bamboo bicycles). Our roof purlin lacks 35-40 diameter bamboos. Uganda has very few bamboos of this size, so we can only use solid bamboo instead.

非洲实心竹
Africa are solid bamboo

绿皮实心竹
Africa gresn solid bamboo

紫皮实心竹
Africa purpl solid bamboo

紫皮实心竹截面
Purple solid bamboo cross section

在默奇森公园旁有一个制作泥砖的工厂,他们的泥砖制作是采用模具压制(不烧制),成品砖比较坚固,它是用泥土(这些泥土含水后就很结实)和水泥等材料合成的,泥砖压制干燥后就像石头一样的结实,砖身有凹槽和凸槽,砌墙时按槽扣齐砖不会滑动。

There is a factory that makes mud bricks next to Murchison Park. Their mud bricks are made by pressing molds (not fired). The finished bricks are relatively strong. They are made of clay (the clay is very strong when it contains water) and cement Synthetic, the mud brick is as strong as a stone after being pressed and dried. The brick body has grooves and convex. When building the wall, the bricks will not slide when they are pressed together.

泥土混合砖
Soil mixed bricks

泥土混合砖
Soil mixed bricks

帕夸奇Pakwach是乌干达北方的一座城市,坐标在白尼罗河旁,也是离我们竹林小镇最近的一个城市,我们很多东西都要去帕夸奇Pakwach购买,或者从首都坎帕拉托运的物资也是在那儿提货。在去帕夸奇Pakwach我们需要穿过整个默奇森国家森林公园,然后要跨过维多利亚尼罗河尼(在建大桥)和白罗河大桥的两座桥,帕夸奇城市在维多利亚尼罗河和白尼罗河交汇的下游(维多利亚尼罗河横穿默奇森公园,水流从东部上游进入西部的艾伯特湖Lake Aibert,然后合并到白尼罗河)。

The Pakwach is a city in northern Uganda. The coordinates are beside the White Nile River, which is also the closest place to our bamboo village. Many of our things go to Pakwach to buy or the supplies consigned from the capital Kampala are also in Pick up there. To go to Paquachi, we need to cross the entire Murchison National Forest, and then cross the Victoria Nile (the bridge under construction) and the Nile Bridge, The city is on the lower reaches of the confluence of the Victoria Nile River and the White Nile,  the Victoria Nile River crosses Murchison Park, and the water flows from the upper reaches of the east to the Lake Aibert in the west.

白尼罗河大桥
The white Nile Bridge

维多利亚尼罗河边游艇
The victoria Nile to Yacht

帕夸奇街景
Paquachi Street View

经过维多利亚尼罗河后就是直通乌干达国家的北部地区,驱车在公园内就可以观赏到更多的各种不同的野生动物,世界上最大的非洲大象、野牛、长颈鹿、羚羊、野猪、狮子等, 出了公园再经过白尼罗河大桥就到了帕夸奇。

Pakwach after passing through the Victoria Nile River, it leads directly to the northern part of Uganda. You can see more and more different wild animals in the park, including the world’s largest African elephants and bisons and giraffes and antelopes and wild boars and lions and etcs. After entering the park and passing the White Nile Bridge, you will arrive at Pakwach city.

国家森林公园内的大草原
Prairie in the National Forest Park

草原上的非洲大象
African elephants on the grassland

干枯水塘中的非洲大象和野牛
African elephants and bisons in dry ponds

草原上的长颈鹿
Giraffe on the grassland

长颈鹿吃的是树木带刺的树叶,山羊也每天在吃这些树叶(我不知道是什么树),树干上有很多5-6厘米长的刺,树木高度可以长到10米左右,这些树木生长速度非常的快,草原上到处都是这种小树木。

Giraffes eat the thorny leaves of trees. Goats also eat these leaves every day (I don’t know what tree they are). There are many five or six cm long thorns on the trunk. The height of the trees can grow to about ten m eters. These trees grow at a speed very fast, there are such small trees all over thas the grassland.

长颈鹿和山羊吃的树叶
The giraffe and goat Leaf food leaves

长颈鹿和山羊吃的树叶
The giraffe and goat Leaf food leaves

草原上的野猪
Wild boar on the prairie

树林里的狮子
Lion in the tree woods

作者:曾伟人