国 际 竹 藤 组 织

国 际 竹 藤 组 织

乌干达印象(九)

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乌干达印象(九)

在非洲,非常适宜的自然环境有很不错感觉,我们住地就在非洲高原,常年平均气温在20度左右,雨水充沛,空气质量+优。食物等都是原生态的,蔬菜水果没有农药、化肥、激素等,还有家禽、牛羊猪都是在草原上自然放养,草原上的草3-5天就生长出新鲜的嫩草。

After an short time you will adapt to local climate and environment. suitable natural environment in Africa feels very good, We live in to at African plateau, annual average temperature is around 20 °C degrees, Abundant rain, Air quality excellent. Food etc. are ecological, Vegetables and fruits have no pesticides, fertilizers, hormones, etc. And poultry, cattle, sheep, and pigs are all raised naturally on grassland. grass on grassland grows fresh tender grass in three and fvei days.

在坎帕拉市郊低地竹林里有直径13厘米以上的丛生竹(龙竹属),它的直径可以生长到20厘米和长度在30米以上,是一种很好的竹建筑和大型竹家具的材料。

In lowland bamboo forest near Kampala city, there are clump bamboos (Dragon bamboos) with a diameter of more than thirteen cm. It can grow to twenty cm in diameter and over thirty m in length, Is an ideal material for bamboo construction and large bamboo furniture.

这里有很好的水土资源,适宜多种竹子生长,竹子在一年的12个月中都会出笋,竹子的生长速度也很快。在卢旺达我们成功引进了广东的青皮竹,目前已经成林。

There are good water and land resources here, suitable for growth of many varieties of bamboo, bamboo shoots out in twelve months of the year, growth rate of bamboo is also very fast. we successfully introduced green skin bamboo of from Guangdong at in Rwanda, it has now become at forest.

竹建筑酒店的建造地点是根据设计和规划来布局,我们所定位的8间客房的地点已长满杂草,现场的杂草丛生影响到施工,我们就对场地进行测量及清理,杂草的清理工作非洲习惯性大面积焚烧,所以我们根据他们的习惯进行了焚烧。

The construction site of bamboo architecture hotel is laid out according to design and planning. locations of eight guest rooms that we  positionging are overgrown with weeds. overgrown weeds on site affected the construction, We measure and clean up site,  cleaning of weeds is habitually burned on large areas at Africa, So we burned them according to their habits.

焚烧后的现象,草灰是一种非常好的天然肥料
The phenomenon after incineration, grass ash is very good natural fertilizer

我们规划一间简易的80平方小型竹结构房子让这些新的工人试手,这样更有把握建造较大的竹建筑。这座简易的竹结构房子屋顶是当地常用的铁皮瓦进行覆盖,墙体为竹条和泥土合成,除了铁皮瓦外其他都是当地的原始材料。

We plan one simple eighty square meters small bamboo structure house for these new workers to at learn, in this way, it is more certain to construct larger bamboo buildings. The roof of this simple bamboo structured house is covered with local iron tiles. wall is made of bamboo strips and clay, Except for iron sheet tile, others are all local raw materials.

刚学会的工人初步掌握了竹子矫正技术和装配等工作
Workers who have just learned have initially mastered bamboo correction technology and assembly works

竹结构酒店的客房原先设计是架空地板,地面的落差和成本原因我们改为填埋法建造。新型的竹建筑施工对于当地没有技术的工人来说是非常困难,我们根据他们原有的技术特长进行分配,语言问题阻碍了我们的交流,投资发起人担当了翻译,由于专业术语很难翻译,我们对发起人进行技术解释,他基本懂后再翻译到工人,有几次工人当天知道了如何施工,第二天他们又忘记了施工程序,我们再耐心的手把手的指导他们。他们逐步的看懂了图纸,知道如何放样,竹子加工技术的技巧等。

The bamboo structure hotel rooms were originally designed with overhead floors. Due to the ground drop and cost reasons, we changed to landfill construction of soil.  Construction of a new type of bamboo building is very difficult for local unskilled workers. We allocate them according to their original technical expertise. Language problems hinder our communication. Investment sponsors acted as translators. It is difficult to translate professional terms. We gave the initiator technical explanation. After he basically understood it, he translated it to workers. workers knew how to construct project and next day they forgot the construction procedures. We then patiently guided them hand in hand. Gradually they understood drawings, how to stake out, and bamboo processing techniques.

设计的酒店平面稿
Graphic draft of hotel design

工人按图进行施工
Workers carry out construction according to drawings

竹林小镇的水源是一口80米的深井供给,抽水全靠九块太阳能板供给的电源,有一个4立方米的水塔是在我们住房的旁边,由于现场工程和将来酒店都需要大量的水源,就在酒店规划范围内设计了一座10立方米的水塔。我们每天都要对水塔进行灌水,保证施工用水和生活用水。在这里很少是整天阴天和下雨,所以太阳能每天都能充满电能。

The water source of Bamboo Village is supplied by an eighty meter deep well. Pumping water depends on the power supplied by nine solar panels, there is an four m³ water tank next to our room, due at large amount of water required for site engineering, an ten m³ water tank has been designed within planning scope of hotel. We fill the water tank every day to ensure construction water and domestic water. It is rarely cloudy and rainy all day, so solar energy can be full of electricity every day.

现有的4立方米的水塔,现在在我们的生活区使用
Existing four m³ meter water tank, now used in our living area

准备竖立10立方米的水塔铁架
Prepare to aerect ten m³ meter water tank iron frame

对8米高的水塔进行水箱吊装,完工后水塔四周用竹子进行了装饰
Hang water tank on eight m high iron frame After completion at water tank was decorated with bamboo

竹林小镇的竹子从竹苗开始已经种植了两年之多,已基本成林,可以以竹种进行分株移植和埋节育苗,我们在遮阴棚进行了埋节育苗成活率不高,又进行水培育苗。

An in Bamboo Village has been planted for more than two years since the bamboo seedlings. Has basically become an forest, Bamboo seeds can be used for ramification transplantation and burying seedlings, The survival rate of seedlings raised in the shade shed is not high, To cultivate seedlings in water.

从小苗种植到现在已经有两年多的竹子
From the planting of seedlings to the bamboo that has grown for more than two years

分株移栽和埋节育苗
Ramets Transplant and Buried nursery

作者:曾伟人