Newly engineered materials and fabrication techniques have since the 1980s enabled the emergence of prefabricated bamboo housing made with laminated bamboo boards, veneers and panels.
Why use engineered bamboo for construction?
Engineered construction products allow bamboo to be easily transformed into standardised dimensions, enabling its easy use in modern structures. These products often tend to have mechanical and physical properties that are equivalent or superior to other mainstream building materials.
China started producing bamboo panels back in the early 19th Century, but the possibilities have multiplied with recent advances in materials science and processing techniques. Today, more than 20 types of panels are produced in Asia.
Because the fibres in bamboo are longer that those in wood, bamboo panels outperform their wooden counterparts by some technological measures of strength and rigidity.
Bamboo panels are widely used modern building construction as structural elements or as form for concrete mouldings. They are also materials for floors, roofs, partitions, doors and window frames.
Bamboo can be used as veneer or in strips, laminated to make plywood, or pressed into particle and fibre board. Bamboo pieces can be mixed with wood and other lignocellulose materials or with inorganic substances.
Processed bamboo flooring
Processed bamboo flooring is often superior to wooden flooring. It is smooth and bright, retaining the retaining the elegance of bamboo grain under a soft natural lustre. It is very stable and resistant to warping, decay and damage from insets, yet can be comfortably flexible.
Upscale markets in Europe, Japan and North America have welcomed bamboo flooring enthusiastically. China’s estimated annual production of bamboo flooring enthusiastically. China’s estimated annual production of bamboo flooring in 2013 was about 28.4 million square meters, 60-70 per cent of which was exported.