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New approach for synthesis of activated carbon from bamboo

Artículos

Revista/Conferencia:

JOURNAL OF POROUS MATERIALS

Language:

English

Autor:

Morita Masaki; Kamimura Sunao; Ohno Teruhisa

Experts:

Tsubota Toshiki

Año:

2016

Volumen:

23

Edición:

2

Número de páginas:

349-355

Palabras claves:

Activated carbon; Guanidine phosphate; Physical activation; Delignification; Bamboo

Unconventional pretreatment, that is, delignification and the addition of guanidine phosphate, was performed for the synthesis of activated carbon having a high specific surface area from bamboo by physical activation. The values of the specific surface area, total pore volume, and average pore size depended on the amount of added guanidine phosphate and the CO2 activation time. The amount of the added guanidine phosphate under the optimum conditions for the highest specific surface area was much lower than that of the phosphorous acid chemical activator under conventional conditions. The N-2 adsorption isotherms of all the samples were type I, which means that micropores were dominant. The pore sizes of the samples in this study were similar to that of the physically-activated carbon. Therefore, the activation process was presumed to be essentially not chemical, but physical. The relation between the yield and the specific surface area improved with the addition of guanidine phosphate. The reason for the improvement may be the change in the reactivity of the carbon material generated during the heating process. The maximum specific surface area was ca. 2000 m(2) g(-1), which is a high value for a physically-activated carbon.