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Anthracnose of lucky bamboo Dracaena sanderiana caused by the fungus Colletotrichum dracaenophilum in Egypt

Articles

Revue/Conférence:

JOURNAL OF ADVANCED RESEARCH

Language:

English

Auteur:

Morsy Ahmed A.; Elshahawy Ibrahim E.

Année:

2016

Volume:

7

Numéro:

3

Pages:

327-335

Mots-clés:

Anthracnose; Dracaena sanderiana; Colletotrichum dracaenophilum; Lucky bamboo

Dracaena sanderiana, of the family Liliaceae, is among the ornamental plants most frequently imported into Egypt. Typical anthracnose symptoms were observed on the stems of imported D. sanderiana samples. The pathogen was isolated, demonstrated to be pathogenic based on Koch’s rule and identified as Colletotrichum dracaenophilum. The optimum temperature for its growth ranges from 25 to 30 degrees C, maintained for 8 days. Kemazed 50% wettable powder (WP) was the most effective fungicide against the pathogen, as no fungal growth was observed over 100 ppm. The biocontrol agents Trichoderma harzianum and Trichoderma viride followed by Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilus caused the highest reduction in fungal growth. To the best of our knowledge, this report describes the first time that this pathogen was observed on D. sanderiana in Egypt. (C) 2016 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Cairo University.