Organisation Internationale pour le Bambou et le Rotin

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Diversity and Distribution of New World Bamboos, with Special Emphasis on the Bambuseae

Working Papers
Diversity and Distribution of New World Bamboos, with Special Emphasis on the Bambuseae

Auteur:

Ximena Londoño

Édition:

INBAR

Année:

1996

Pages:

25

Mots-clés:

biodiversity, bamboo, distribution, Central America, South America

The richness of bamboo flora of the New World has been virtually unknown until very recently, in spite of large number of bamboo species. It is estimated that in the Americas, there are 46 genera and approximately 515 species of bamboo, both woody and herbaceous, extending from the United States to Chile. Most of the genera (96%) are endemic to the New World and only two genera Arundinaria(woody) and Streptogyna(herbaceous) have a bihemispheric distribution pattern. This paper was presented at the joint Vth International Bamboo Workshop/IVth International Bamboo Congress at Bali in 1995 and discusses the diversity of the New World bamboo genera. It includes informative distribution maps and also highlights the need for further research on the ecology, natural history and population structure of New World bamboos.

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