Bamboo for climate-smart landscapes in Chishui, Guizhou Province
Chishui, Guizhou Province, is one of China’s most famous hometowns of bamboo, with some 87,000 hectares of bamboo forest. It is also located in the Yangtze basin, an area with a large number of rural poor, and one that stands to be negatively impacted by climate change.
This partnership programme, funded by the the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and implemented between INBAR and the Chishui Forestry Bureau, aimed to promote the use of bamboo as a tool for climate-smart forest management and poverty alleviation. The project aimed to demonstrate the multiple benefits of bamboo in forest ecosystems, provide technical training to enhance communities’ capacity to use bamboo, and to assess the vulnerabilities and risks faced by Chishui communities in the face of climate change.
Over a period of 6 months, the programme achieved the following main outcomes:
- A significant increase in bamboo forest productivity and income for demonstration farmers. By adopting improved management techniques, beneficiary farmers have managed to increase their yields for bamboo pole production from 11 t/ha to 19 t/ha, with increases in edible bamboo shoot yield and income.
- Capacity to implement climate-smart bamboo management has been enhanced. In total, 67 key stakeholders, including farmers, government forestry officials, technicians, business owners and community leaders took part in INBAR-led training.
- The first ever vulnerability assessment of bamboo forest ecosystems to climate change in China was produced. The report shows that these ecosystems have relatively high resilience to climate change, and provided useful guidance to the County Government on species selection and management practices that can reduce risks to bamboo productive forests in coming decades.
- Ongoing work. The Chishui Forestry Bureau committed to mobilise more resources for climate-smart landscape management of bamboo forests. This will see lessons learned replicated and upscaled to cover the county’s over productive bamboo forests, covering an area of approximately 63,000 hectares. It is estimated that this could increase county income generated by the bamboo sector by 140 million yuan /year, helping to capture up to 213,000 tonnes of carbon and mitigate 780,000 tonnes of CO2e greenhouse gas emissions.
(Pictured: Workers at a bamboo chip company. Bamboo chips are sold to a range of industries, including paper manufacturers.)