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A Simple Portable Type Kiln for Bamboo Charcoal

Articles

Journal/Conference:

AMA-AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION IN ASIA AFRICA AND LATIN AMERICA

Language:

English

Author:

Singh K. K.; Prakash Om

Experts:

Sood Anil

Year:

2015

Volume:

46

Issue:

1

Pages:

14-17

The bamboo is one of the fastest growing plant species on earth, which can be used profitably on a sustainable basis. Despite being the second largest bamboo producing country in the world, India has not been able to utilize its bamboo resources in a sustainable manner. Half of the world’s population uses biomass fuels for cooking which is rather most easy and least efficient use. Bamboo can easily be converted into good quality charcoal which has several uses. Bamboo charcoal contains several pores and gaps in its structure, making it excellent for adsorption, electromagnetic shielding, and infrared emission. There are different qualities of bamboo charcoal based on parameters such as density, fixed carbon content, ash and volatile matter content, specific surface area, etc. One of the more popular processes used in making bamboo charcoal is while using brick kilns. Construction of brick kiln requires a lot of time, space, money, energy and an enormous amount of biomass material for its conversion into charcoal. Therefore, a simple portable type charcoal kiln was designed, fabricated and evaluated for bamboo culm pieces and found that the conversion efficiency is 33-38 percent for bamboo with a calorific value of 7,742 KCal/kg which is more than oak/pine charcoal available in the market produced in earthen kilns.