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Assessment of Potential Capability of Water Bamboo Leaves on the Adsorption Removal Efficiency of Cationic Dye from Aqueous Solutions

Articles

Journal/Conference:

JOURNAL OF POLYMERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Language:

English

Author:

Wang Ya; He Taotao; You Liangjun; Shen Xiangqian

Experts:

Zhu Lin

Year:

2016

Volume:

24

Issue:

2

Pages:

148-158

Keywords:

Water bamboo leaves; Methylene blue; Adsorption; Kinetics; Isotherm; Thermodynamic

Removal of toxic pollutants from water and wastewater is becoming an important process with the increase of industrial activities. The present study focused on assessing the suitability and efficiency of water bamboo leaves (WBL) for the removal of cationic dye from aqueous solutions. The effect of different variables in the batch method including solution pH (2-12), initial dye concentration (50-250 mg L-1), adsorbent dose (0.05-0.30 g), contact time (5-180 min) and temperature (283-333 K) on the dye removal was investigated. The adsorption kinetics was discussed in view of four kinetics models. The results showed that the pseudo-second-order kinetics model described dye adsorption on WBL very well. The experimental equilibrium data were also tested by four isotherm models. It was found that adsorption of dye on WBL fitted well with the Langmuir isotherm model, implying the binding energy on the whole surface of the adsorbent was uniform and the dye molecules onto the surface of the adsorbent were monolayer coverage. Calculation of various thermodynamic parameters of the adsorption process indicated feasibility and exothermic nature of dye adsorption.