International Bamboo and Rattan Organization

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Bamboo: A new source of carbohydrate for biorefinery

Articles

Journal/Conference:

CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS

Language:

English

Author:

He Mingxiong; Wang Jingli; Qin Han; Shui Zongxia; Zhu Qili; Wu Bo; Tan Furong; Pan Ke; Hu Qichun; Dai Lichun; Wang Wenguo; Tang Xiaoyu; Hu Guo Quan

Year:

2014

Volume:

111

Pages:

645-654

Keywords:

Bamboo; Lignocellulosic; Bio-ethanol, Bio-methane; Value-added product; Flavonoids; Xylo-oligosaccharides

Bamboo is perennial woody grass, which distributed widely in the world and belonged to the Gramineae family and Bambuseae subfamily. It may be consider as a candidate lignocellulosic substrate for bio-ethanol production for its environmental benefits and higher annual biomass yield. The conversion of bamboo into bio-ethanol, bio-methane, natural food, flavonoids, and functional xylo-oligosaccharides production were reviewed in this paper. Future prospects for research include pretreatment, enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation will also be performed to improve the whole process of ethanol production more economical. And revealing the molecular regulation mechanism of the fast growth of bamboo will provide chance for improving bamboo or other energy plants biomass yield through genetic engineering. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.