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Bamboo-like multiwalled carbon nanotubes dispersed in double stranded calf-thymus DNA as a new analytical platform for building layer-by-layer based biosensors

Articles

Journal/Conference:

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA

Language:

English

Year:

2015

Volume:

182

Pages:

391-397

Keywords:

Carbon nanotubes functionalization; calf-thymus double stranded DNA; Glucose Oxidase; Layer-by-layer; Self-assembly; Electrochemical glucose biosensor; Bamboo-like carbon nanotubes

This work reports the successful application of bamboo-like multiwalled carbon nanotubes (bCNT) non-covalently functionalized with calf-thymus double stranded DNA (dsDNA) as a robust platform (bCNT-dsDNA) to build electrochemical biosensors. The “model system” proposed here as a proof of concept was an enzymatic biosensor devoted to glucose quantification obtained by layer-by-layer self-assemby of polydiallyldimethylammonium (PDDA) and glucose oxidase (GOx) at glassy carbon electrodes (GCE) modified with bCNT-dsDNA (GCE/bCNT-dsDNA/(PDDA/GOx)(n)). The influence of GOx and PDDA assembling conditions and the effect of the number of PDDA/GOx bilayers (n) on the performance of the resulting biosensor is critically discussed. The supramolecular architecture was characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy from the charge transfer resistance of quinone/hydroquinone and potassium ferrocyanide/potassium ferricyanide; by cyclic voltammetry from the surface concentration of GOx using ferrocene methanol as enzyme regenerator; by amperometry from the response of the enzymatically generated hydrogen peroxide; and by surface plasmon resonance from the changes in the plasmon resonance angle. The analytical parameters obtained with GCE/bCNT-dsDNA/(PDDA/GOx)(3) for the amperometric quantification of glucose at 0.700 V were: sensitivity of (265 +/- 7) mA mM(-1) cm(-2), linear range between 0.25 and 2.50 x 10(-3) M, detection limit of 50 mu M, repeatability of 3.6% (n = 10), and negligible interference from maltose, galactose, fructose and manose. The biosensor was successfully used for the sensitive quantification of glucose in beverages and a medicine sample. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.