International Bamboo and Rattan Organization

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Characterization of water bamboo husk biosorbents and their application in heavy metal ion trapping

Articles

Journal/Conference:

MICROCHEMICAL JOURNAL

Language:

English

Author:

Asberry Hillary B.; Kuo ChungYih; Gung ChinHau; Conte Eric D.; Suen ShingYi

Year:

2014

Volume:

113

Pages:

59-63

Keywords:

Water bamboo husk; Biosorbent; Heavy metal ions; Adsorption isotherm; Breakthrough curve

The use of plant-based biosorbents for removing environmental pollutants from water is gaining widespread attention. In this paper, the 45-250 biosorbents were prepared from the husks of water bamboo (Zizania caduciflora Turcz.), with a pore size distribution of 5.7-13.8 nm and surface area of 1.87 m(2)/g. These water bamboo husk particles contained OH and COOH groups and had a zero point of charge between pH 2 and 3. An optimal negative charge on particle surface was achieved at pH 5. Moreover, their cation exchange capacity was about 1.3 meq/g. When trapping metal ions at pH 5, the prepared biosorbents exhibited strong affinity to Cu2+, Cr3+, Pb2+, and Fe3+. Adsorption isotherms and breakthrough studies were generated for Fe3+ (stronger affinity) and Ni2+ (weaker affinity), and the interpretation of results indicated that the water bamboo husk particles are well suited to trap these ions at low concentrations. Also, column trapping of metal ions (breakthrough volume: 75 bed volume for Ni2+ and 90 bed volume for Fe3+) proved much more efficient than static adsorption. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.