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Comparison of Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Bamboo Using Steam Explosion and Acid Sulfite, Alkali, and Alkaline Sulfite Pretreatments

Articles

Journal/Conference:

BIORESOURCES

Language:

English

Author:

Qin Shubaichuan; Wang Yongmiao; Xing Yang; Zhao Pengxiang; Bu Lingxi; Sun Dafeng

Experts:

Jiang Jianxin

Year:

2015

Volume:

10

Issue:

4

Pages:

7580-7590

Keywords:

Combined pretreatment; Bamboo; Glucose; Steam explosion; Sulfonation; Alkalization

A combination of steam explosion SE) and chemical pretreatments, such as acid sulfite AS), alkali AL), and alkaline sulfite ALS), were evaluated using bamboo. Low pressure steam explosion at 1.25 MPa for 4 min was first applied to the bamboo. Then, the pretreated bamboo was delignified using three chemical pretreatments. Enzymatic hydrolysis was also compared among the pretreated bamboo samples. It was found that SE-ALS could be a potential method for bamboo pretreatment, which led to the reduction of lignin from 25.15% to 1.74% at 165 degrees C for 2 h in 5% w/v) Na2SO3 and 0.7% w/v) NaOH; however, little cellulose was solubilized during ALS pretreatment. A maximum glucose yield of 99.35% was achieved during the enzymatic hydrolysis process when combined with the SE-ALS pretreatment. The SE-ALS method resulted in a lower degree of lignin condensation and increased delignification compared to the SE-AS method. In addition, the SE-ALS pretreatment protected carbohydrates from degradation better than the SE-AL methods.