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Copper induced oxidative stresses, antioxidant responses and phytoremediation potential of Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens)

Articles

Journal/Conference:

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS

Language:

English

Author:

Chen Junren; Shafi Mohammad; Li Song; Wu Jiasen; Ye Zhengqian; Peng Danli; Yan Wenbo

Experts:

Wang Ying; Liu Dan

Year:

2015

Volume:

5

Pages:

13554

Moso bamboo is recognized as phytoremediation plant due to production of huge biomass and high tolerance in stressed environment. Hydroponics and pot experiments were conducted to investigate mechanism of copper tolerance and to evaluate copper accumulation capacity of Moso bamboo. In hydroponics experiment there was non significant variation in MDA contents of leaves compared with control. SOD and POD initially indicated enhancing trend with application of 5 mu M Cu and then decreased consistently with application of 25 and 100 mu M Cu. Application of each additional increment of copper have constantly enhanced proline contents while maximum increase of proline was observed with application of 100 mu M copper. In pot experiment chlorophyll and biomass initially showed increasing tendency and decreased gradually with application of each additional increment of Cu. Normal growth of Moso bamboo was observed with application of 100 mg kg(-1) copper. However, additional application of 300 or 600 mg kg(-1) copper had significantly inhibited growth of Moso bamboo. The concentration of Cu in Moso bamboo has attained the levels of 340, 60, 23 mg kg(-1) in roots, stems and leaves respectively. The vacuoles were the main organs which accumulated copper and reduced toxicity of copper as studied by TEM-DEX technology.