International Bamboo and Rattan Organization

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Fatigue in bamboo

Articles

Journal/Conference:

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FATIGUE

Language:

English

Author:

Keogh Lauren; O'Hanlon Patrick; O'Reilly Peter

Experts:

Taylor David

Year:

2015

Volume:

75

Pages:

51-56

Keywords:

Bamboo; Fatigue; Fracture; Anisotropy; Stress concentration

This paper describes the results of an experimental programme to determine the fatigue behaviour of bamboo. Bamboo is subjected to cyclic loading, both in the plant itself and subsequently when the material is used in load-bearing applications in the construction industry. However, there is currently no data in the literature describing fatigue in this material. We found that sections of bamboo culm loaded parallel to the culm axis did not undergo fatigue failure: samples either failed on the first loading cycle, or not at all. By contrast, fatigue was readily apparent in samples loaded in compression across the diameter of the culm. The number of cycles to failure increased as the cyclic load range decreased in a manner similar to that found in many engineering materials: fatigue occurred at applied loads as small as 40% of the ultimate strength. Two different species of bamboo were tested and found to have different ultimate strengths but similar high-cycle fatigue strengths. Finite element analysis was used to help understand the progression of fatigue damage and the effect of stress concentration features. Some tentative design rules are proposed to define stress levels for the safe use of bamboo, taking fatigue into account. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.