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From bamboo leaf to aerogel: Preparation of water glass as a precursor

Articles

Journal/Conference:

JOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS

Language:

English

Author:

Aziz A. R. Abdul; Abdullah E. C.

Experts:

Kow KienWoh; Yusoff Rozita

Year:

2014

Volume:

386

Pages:

76-84

Keywords:

Silica aerogel; Water glass; Bamboo leaf; Rice husk

In this study, water glass was synthesized from bamboo leaf as a precursor to produce silica aerogel. Bamboo leaf was combusted to produce bamboo leaf silica (BLS) and reacted with sodium hydroxide to form a water glass solution. The effects of the processing parameters such as the temperature, the time, and the agitation speed on the silica yield in water glass were studied.These processing parameters were optimized based on the regressed correlation to synthesize water glass. It was found that bamboo leaf contains approximately 20 wt.% of silica, which is higher than the silica content in rice husk. Characterizations of BLS confirmed that it has identical purity, amorphicity and chemical nature as rice husk silica. Optimization study also showed that BLS can be completely dissolyed in NaOH in at least 2 h at 30 degrees C and an agitation speed of 20 rpm, depending on the combination of the parameters. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.