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Isolation and characterization of cellulose nanofibers from bamboo using microwave liquefaction combined with chemical treatment and ultrasonication

Articles

Journal/Conference:

CARBOHYDRATE POLYMERS

Language:

English

Author:

Xie Jiulong; Hse ChungYun; De Hoop Cornelis F.; Shupe Todd F.

Experts:

Hu Tingxing; Qi Jinqiu

Year:

2016

Volume:

151

Pages:

725-734

Keywords:

Cellulose nanofibers; Microwave liquefaction; Bamboo; Ultrasonic nanofibrillation

Cellulose nanofibers were successfully isolated from bamboo using microwave liquefaction combined with chemical treatment and ultrasonic nanofibrillation processes. The microwave liquefaction could eliminate almost all the lignin in bamboo, resulting in high cellulose content residues within 7 min, and the cellulose enriched residues could be readily purified by subsequent chemical treatments with lower chemical charging and quickly. The results of wet chemistry analyses, SEM images, and FTIR and X-ray spectra indicated the combination of microwave liquefaction and chemical treatment was significantly efficient in removing non-cellulosic compounds. Ultrasonication was used to separate the nanofibrils from the purified residues to extract nanofibers. The TEM images confirmed the presence of elementary fibrils, nano-sized fibril bundles, and aggregated fibril bundles. As evidenced by the TGA analysis, cellulose nanofibers isolated by this novel technique had high thermal stability indicating that the isolated nanofibers could possibly be applied as reinforcing elements in biomaterials. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.