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Optimization of inner diameter of tubular bamboo charcoal anode for a microbial fuel cell

Articles

Journal/Conference:

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY

Language:

English

Author:

Zhang Jun; Ye Dingding; Zhu Xun; Liao Qiang; Zheng Jili

Experts:

Li Jun

Year:

2014

Volume:

39

Issue:

33

Pages:

19242-19248

Keywords:

Microbial fuel cells; Bamboo charcoal anode; Performance; Inner diameter

In the present study, the bamboo charcoal tube derived from the carbonization of the bamboo tube was employed as the anode. The effect of inner diameter of bamboo charcoal tube anodes was experimentally investigated on the microbial fuel cells (MFCs) performance to obtain an optimal structure. After successful star-up, bamboo charcoal tube anodes with different inner diameters (1 mm, 1.5 mm, 2 mm and 3 mm in inner diameter were named as MFC-D1, MFC-D1.5, MFC-D2 and MFC-D3) resulted in various voltage output. However, MFC-D2 and MFG-D3 still kept stable output while the MFC-D1 and MFC-D1.5 performances had a significant drop for a long-term operation (after operation for 30 days). Scanning electron microscope and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy results indicated that the reduction in the powder density for MFC-D1 and MFC-D1.5 attributed to a compact and thicker biofilm on the anode surface leading to the increased the internal resistance of MFCs. Furthermore, compared with other anodes, the highest power density (3303 W/m(3)) for MFC-D2 suggested that the tubular bamboo charcoal with 2 mm in diameter was more suitable for electricity generation. Copyright (C) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.