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Percolation and catalysis effect of bamboo-based active carbon on the thermal and flame retardancy properties of ethylene vinyl-acetate rubber

Articles

Journal/Conference:

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE

Language:

English

Author:

Peng Hui; Feng Jie; Zhou You; Li Zhuoshi; Zou Hongfei; Hao Jianwei

Year:

2015

Volume:

132

Issue:

34

Keywords:

elastomers; flame retardance; thermogravimetric analysis

The effect of percolation and catalysis of bamboo-based active carbon (BAC) on the thermal degradation and flame retardancy of ethylene vinyl-acetate rubber (EVM) composites with intumescent flame retardants (IFR) consisting of ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and dipentaerythritol (DPER) has been investigated. The vulcanization characteristics were analyzed by a moving die rheometer. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and fire behavior tests such as limiting oxygen index (LOI), vertical burning (UL 94), and cone calorimetry were used to evaluate the thermal properties and flame retardancy of EVM composites. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to study the morphology of residues of EVM composites. The addition of BAC significantly increased the maximum torque (M-H) of EVM composites and EVM matrices. The combination of IFR with BAC can improve the thermal stability of EVM composites. Moreover, BAC can enhance char residue and promote the formation of a network for IFR. The current EVM/37IFR/3BAC composite achieved an LOI of 33.6% and a UL 94 V-0 rating. The PHRR, total heat release (THR), and total smoke release (TSR) for EVM/IFR/BAC were greatly reduced as compared to EVM/40IFR. Also, the mechanical properties of the EVMIFR/BAC composites increased with increasing BAC contents. The physical percolation effect between BAC and EVM before and after thermal degradation, and the chemical catalysis effect between BAC and IFR during thermal degradation are responsible for the improved flame retardancy of EVM composites. (c) 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2015, 132, 42414.