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Preparation and photocatalytic activity of Ag/bamboo-type TiO2 nanotube composite electrodes for methylene blue degradation

Articles

Journal/Conference:

MATERIALS SCIENCE IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING

Language:

English

Author:

Luan Xinning

Experts:

Wang Ying

Year:

2014

Volume:

25

Pages:

43-51

Keywords:

Bamboo-type TiO2 nanotubes; Pulse-current electrodeposition; Ag-deposited TiO2 nanotube; Photocatalytic activity

Photocatalysis phenomena in TiO2 have been intensively investigated for its potential application in environmental remediation. The present work reports improved photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue dye in aqueous solution by using bamboo-type TiO2 nanotubes deposited with Ag nanoparticles via electrochemical deposition. The photocatalytic processes are performed on Ag-modified TiO2 bamboo-type nanotube arrays, Ag-modified smooth-walled nanotube arrays, and bare smooth-walled nanotube arrays. Both Ag-modified bamboo-type and smooth-walled nanotube arrays show improved photocatalytic degradation efficiencies (64.4% and 52.6%) compared to smooth-walled TiO2 nanotubes of the same length (44.4%), due to the enhanced electron-hole seperation and more surface area provided by bamboo ridges. The photocatalytic activity and kinetic behavior of Ag-modified bamboo-type nanotube arrays are also optmized by tuning pulse deposition time of Ag nanoparticles. Bamboo-type nanotubes deposited with Ag nanoparticles via pulse deposition time of 0.5 s/1.5 s shows the highest methylene blue degradation efficiency of 78.5%, which represents 21.9% and 76.8% enhancement of efficiency compared to those of bare bamboo-type and smooth-walled nanotubes, respectively, indicating that a proper amount of Ag nanoparticles on TiO2 can maximize the photocatalytic processes. In addition, overly long pulse deposition time will not further increase photocatalytic activity due to agglomeration of Ag paticles. For example, when the pulse deposition time is increased to 2 s/6 s, Ag-modified bamboo-type nanotube array exhibits a lower photocatalytic degradation efficiency of 62.9%. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.