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Properties of Malaysia Bamboo’s (Gigantochloa Scortechinii) Pyrolyzed Products via Drop Type Pyrolyzer Reactor: Bio-Oil

Articles

Journal/Conference:

ICONBM: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOMASS, PTS 1 AND 2

Language:

English

Author:

Osman Noridah B.; Ping Molly K. H.; Yoshimitsu U.; Ali Norizan B.

Year:

2014

Volume:

37

Pages:

133-138

In line with Malaysia direction toward clean and sustainable renewable energy, this paper investigates the feasibility of bamboo species as a bio-energy feedstock in Malaysia as it is one of the fastest growing plants in the world. This paper will present fuel properties of bamboo species viz. Gigantochloa scortechinii upon fast pyrolysis technique. Three temperatures 450, 500 and 550 degrees C by drop type reactor with particle size in the range of 250-500 mu m were investigated. Yield of bio-products was determined as well as basic chemical and fuel properties of bio-oil, -char, and -gas. Among these three temperatures, the predominant temperature with highest bio-oil at 450 degrees C, char at 450 degrees C, and gas at 550 degrees C were obtained indicating optimal reaction temperature. The main compounds of their bio-products are acids, phenols, ketones, and furans compound class. Advantageous determined was better quality of bamboo pyrolysis-oil was produced as it raw bamboo, bio-oil, and char contained relatively low content of nitrogen and sulfur corn ponents.