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Soil-nitrogen net mineralization increased after nearly six years of continuous nitrogen additions in a subtropical bamboo ecosystem

Articles

Journal/Conference:

JOURNAL OF FORESTRY RESEARCH

Language:

English

Author:

Xiao Yinlong; Chen Gang; Peng Yong; Hu HongLing

Experts:

Tu Lihua; Hu Tingxing; Liu Li

Year:

2015

Volume:

26

Issue:

4

Pages:

949-956

Keywords:

Nitrogen addition; Soil nitrogen net mineralization; Soil chemical and physical characteristics; Fine root biomass; Pleioblastus amarus plantation

In order to understand the effects of increasing atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition on the subtropical bamboo ecosystem, a nearly six-year field experiment was conducted in a Pleioblastus amarus plantation in the rainy region of SW China, near the western edge of Sichuan Basin. Four N treatment levels-control (no N added), low-N (50 kg N ha(-1) a(-1)), medium-N (150 kg N ha(-1) a(-1)), and high-N (300 kg N ha(-1) a(-1))-were applied monthly in the P. amarus plantation starting in November 2007. In June 2012, we collected intact soil cores in the bamboo plantation and conducted a 30-day laboratory incubation experiment. The results showed that the soil N net mineralization rate was 0.96 +/- A 0.10 mg N kg(-1) day(-1), under control treatment. N additions stimulated the soil N net mineralization, and the high-N treatment significantly increased the soil N net mineralization rate compared with the control. Moreover, the soil N net mineralization rate was significantly and positively correlated with the fine root biomass, the soil microbial biomass nitrogen content and the soil initial inorganic N content, respectively, whereas it was negatively correlated with the soil pH value. There were no significant relationships between the soil N net mineralization rate and the soil total nitrogen (TN) content and the soil total organic carbon content and the soil C/N ratio and the soil microbial biomass carbon content, respectively. These results suggest that N additions would improve the mineral N availability in the topsoil of the P. amarus plantation through the effects of N additions on soil chemical and physical characteristics and fine-root biomass.