International Bamboo and Rattan Organization

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Soil respiration and net ecosystem production in relation to intensive management in Moso bamboo forests







Tang Xiaolu; Qi Lianghua; Du Manyi; Zhang Hua


Fan Shaohui; Guan Fengying








Soil respiration; Net ecosystem production; Soil temperature; Soil moisture; Temperature sensitivity

Moso bamboo forests represent an important forest type commonly found throughout subtropical China and are characterized by fast growing forests, and involves intensive management, such as reclamation, fertilization, and understory removal. However, effects of intensive management on soil respiration (R-S) and net ecosystem production (NEP) remain unclear. In this study, R-S was partitioned into root respiration (R-R), litter respiration (R-L), and soil organic matter derived respiration (R-M) by litter removal and trenching approaches. One-year measurements of respiration rates, soil temperature, and soil moisture were conducted in an unmanaged and an intensively managed stand. Regardless of stand management, R-S and source components increased exponentially with soil temperature and linearly with soil moisture. Temperature sensitivity (Q(10)) ranged from 1.6 to 2.5, with the highest value for R-M, highlighting the importance of R-M in regulating the response of R-S to soil temperature change. Annual R-S, R-R, R-L, and R-M were 32.6, 10.7, 6.9, and 15.0 t CO2 ha(-1) a(-1) for unmanaged stand, compared to 38.6, 12.5, 7.1, and 18.9 t CO2 ha(-1) a(-1) for intensive managed stand, respectively, indicating that intensive management increased R-S by R-R and R-M. Intensive management also increased NEP with 17.2 t CO2 ha(-1) a(-1) for unmanaged stand and 20.4 t CO2 ha(-1) a(-1) for intensive managed stand. This increase was mainly attributed to the increase in net primary production of bamboo forests under intensive management. However, the sustainability of intensive management needs further investigation due to the reduction of soil organic carbon content after intensive management. Forest management associated with the reduction in soil CO2 flux and increase in stand production should be developed for Moso bamboo forests. (C) 2015 Published by Elsevier B.V.