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Surface chemical composition analysis of heat-treated bamboo

Articles

Journal/Conference:

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE

Language:

English

Author:

Meng Fandan; Zhang Yamei; Gao JianMin

Experts:

Yu Yanglun; Yu Wenji

Year:

2016

Volume:

371

Pages:

383-390

Keywords:

Heat-treated; Bamboo slivers; Chemical composition; FTIR; XPS

In this study, the effect of heat treatment on the chemical composition of bamboo slivers was studied. The chemical properties of the samples were examined by chemical analysis. Results showed a decrease in the contents of holocellulose and alpha-cellulose, as well as an increase in the contents of lignin and extractives. Changes in the chemical structure of bamboo components were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). FTIR spectroscopy results indicated that hemicellulose contents decrease, whereas lignin contents increase after heat treatment. Ester formation linked to lignin decreased the hygroscopicity of the bamboo samples and consequently improved their dimensional stability and durability. XPS spectroscopy results showed that hemicelluloses and celluloses are relatively more sensitive to the heating process than lignin. As a consequence, hemicellulose and cellulose contents decreased, whereas lignin contents increased during heat treatment. The results obtained in this study provide useful information for the future utilization of heat-treated bamboo. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.