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Thermal conductivity of engineered bamboo composites

Articles

Journal/Conference:

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE

Language:

English

Author:

Shah Darshil U.; Bock Maximilian C. D.; Mulligan Helen; Ramage Michael H.

Year:

2016

Volume:

51

Issue:

6

Pages:

2991-3002

Here we characterise the thermal properties of engineered bamboo panels produced in Canada, China, and Colombia. Specimens are processed from either Moso or Guadua bamboo into multi-layered panels for use as cladding, flooring or walling. We utilise the transient plane source method to measure their thermal properties and confirm a linear relationship between density and thermal conductivity. Furthermore, we predict the thermal conductivity of a three-phase composite material, as these engineered bamboo products can be described, using micromechanical analysis. This provides important insights on density-thermal conductivity relations in bamboo, and for the first time, enables us to determine the fundamental thermal properties of the bamboo cell wall. Moreover, the density-conductivity relations in bamboo and engineered bamboo products are compared to wood and other engineered wood products. We find that bamboo composites present specific characteristics, for example lower conductivities-particularly at high density-than equivalent timber products. These characteristics are potentially of great interest for low-energy building design. This manuscript fills a gap in existing knowledge on the thermal transport properties of engineered bamboo products, which is critical for both material development and building design.