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Tubular bamboo charcoal for anode in microbial fuel cells

Articles

Journal/Conference:

JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES

Language:

English

Author:

Zhang Jun; Ye Dingding; Zhu Xun; Liao Qiang; Zhang Biao

Experts:

Li Jun

Year:

2014

Volume:

272

Pages:

277-282

Keywords:

Microbial fuel cells; Bamboo charcoal tube; Carbonization; Scale-up

The anode material plays a significant role in determining the performance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs). In this study, the bamboo charcoal tube is proposed as a novel anode substrate by carbonizing the natural bamboo. Its surface functional groups, biocompatibility and internal resistance are thoroughly investigated. Performance of the MFCs with a conventional graphite tube anode and a bamboo charcoal tube anode is also compared. The results indicate that the tubular bamboo charcoal anode exhibits advantages over the graphite tube anode in terms of rougher surface, superior biocompatibility and smaller total internal resistance. Moreover, the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis for the bamboo charcoal reveals that the introduced C-N bonds facilitate the electron transfer between the biofilm and electrodes. As a result, the MFC with a bamboo charcoal tube anode achieves a 50% improvement in the maximum power density over the graphite tube case. Furthermore, scale-up of the bamboo charcoal tube anode is demonstrated by employing a bundle of tubular bamboo charcoal to reach higher power output. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.